The Victorian govenrment is helping nut producers adapt to climate change and market demands, through the use of new technologies.
Agriculture Minister Mary-Anne Thomas has opened n Agriculture Victoria's Mildura SmartFarm.
The project is backed by the government through the $5 million Smarter, Safer Farms Initiative - part of the $115 million Agriculture Strategy.
Scientists at the Mildura SmartFarm are examining how sensors and automated irrigation systems, together with orchard design, could reduce water and fertiliser usage while increasing the intensity and efficiency of production.
"The Mildura SmartFarm is providing a blueprint for our temperate nut growers to become more efficient, ensuring they can adapt to climate change and respond to changing markets," Ms Thomas said.
The Mildura SmartFarm, which is linked to the Tatura SmartFarm, is on 20 hectares near Irymple.
Almonds are the major focus, but hazelnut, walnut, macadamia, pistachio, pecan and chestnut are also grown there.
The SmartFarm is fitted with soil moisture sensors, a targeted irrigation system as well as light sensors.
Drones are also being used by scientists to measure tree growth and the health of tree canopies, while ground-based laser technology is being used to investigate tree architecture.
Data captured by these technologies is helping accelerate research while demonstrating new opportunities for Victoria's almond industry.
It will identify how producers can make more informed and timely decisions to reduce crop inputs, such as fertiliser and water.
Almonds are Victoria's largest nut export commodity, with a value of $454 million in 2019/20.
Exports from Victoria represent 60 per cent of total almond exports across the country.
The findings from research and innovation at the SmartFarm will help to deliver opportunities to protect and grow both export and domestic markets.