CSIRO is ramping up its partnership with fly farmer Goterra to put insects on the menu.
Goterra is a Canberra based start-up company that uses black soldier fly maggots to turn food waste into compost.
After working together on food waste systems, Goterra and CSIRO, with help from the University of Adelaide, are investigating which protein-rich Australian insects are the best nutritional choices for human consumption
They are also testing lighting, temperature, moisture, surface texture and diet in a bid to find the perfect combination of conditions that will encourage flies to mate.
By boosting egg-laying, Goterra will be able to breed more insects to eat through food waste and turn it into compost which reduces landfill, emissions from transporting food to landfill, and provides nutrient-rich soil fertiliser.
Goterra chief executive Olympia Yarger had the Australian soldier fly Hermetia olympiae named after her.
Her company is currently figuring out how to take their services to the source of food waste problems.
"We're building the technology to breed the insects and transport them to wherever there is a need, creating a mobile and versatile alternative to everything from sources of protein to landfill," Ms Yarger said.
CSIRO's Australian National Insect Collection will help identify native species as potential candidates for the edible insect industry.
Scientists will work with Aboriginal communities on such species as witjuti grubs, bogong moths and green tree ants, which are known for their citrus-tasting abdomens.